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“It’s a recession when your neighbor loses his job; it’s a depression when you lose yours.” – Harry Truman
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The weather has been hot across much of the country the last several days, and that heat will move to the markets this week with a busy schedule of economic data, peak earnings season, and the FOMC announcing its latest policy decision.
Ahead of the kickoff of trading, equity futures and bond yields are modestly higher along with crude oil and copper. On the downside, Bitcoin is down over 3% while gold is flat. Over in Europe, Germany’s ifo index tracking the business climate fell more than expected as a recession looks increasingly likely.
Today’s Morning Lineup discusses earnings news out of Europe and the Americas, economic data from around the world, and much more.
With all the earnings and economic data on the calendar this week, investors will likely have a much better read on the economy and its direction on Friday. Several indicators have already pointed to the increased likelihood of a recession, and the yield curve has also been indicating a more precarious economic picture. While the spread between the yields on the 10-year and 2-year US Treasuries has been negative for three weeks now, the spread between the 10-year and the 3-month yields has yet to move to inverted levels. A few months ago, the relative steepness of the Fed’s preferred yield curve measure was cited as a reason why a recession was not in the cards. However, after flattening by nearly 200 bps to just 40 bps in the last three months, even this part of the curve (light blue line) looks much less comforting.
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As of today, the percentage of inverted points on the yield curve reached the YTD highs seen in mid-June of 17.9%. This comes as the 10-year and 1-year invert, as well as the 5-year and 2-year. The inversion of points on the yield curve (particularly 2s&10s) tends to be cited as a leading recession indicator, due to the fact that higher near-term yields imply a higher risk in the near-term rather than the long-term, the inverse of what is typically true. The graph below shows the rolling percentage of inverted points on the curve over the last six months. Click here to learn more about Bespoke’s premium stock market research service.
As mentioned above, the spread between the 10-year and 1-year treasury inverted today, which is the first occurrence since October of 2019. Following prior inversions of this part of the yield curve since 1970, a recession has followed in the next two years 99.8% of the time which would suggest that a recession at some point in the next two years is almost certain. Following the first inversion in at least one year when a recession did follow, it has taken an average of 271 trading days to officially enter a recession. The shortest time it took to enter into a recession following 1s and 10s inversion was in 1973, when it took just 191 trading days. As mentioned, going back to 1970, recessions have followed within two years of an inversion 99.8% of the time. The only time that this part of the curve inverted and a recession did not follow within two years was after a brief stint in the fall of 1998.
Searching for ways to better understand the fixed income space or looking for actionable ideas in this asset class? Bespoke’s Fixed Income Weekly provides an update on rates and credit every Wednesday. We start off with a fresh piece of analysis driven by what’s in the headlines or driving the market in a given week. We then provide charts of how US Treasury futures and rates are trading, before moving on to a summary of recent fixed income ETF performance, short-term interest rates including money market funds, and a trade idea. We summarize changes and recent developments for a variety of yield curves (UST, bund, Eurodollar, US breakeven inflation and Bespoke’s Global Yield Curve) before finishing with a review of recent UST yield curve changes, spread changes for major credit products and international bonds, and 1 year return profiles for a cross section of the fixed income world.
In this week’s report we highlight a fixed income investment that has performed beautifully amid extremely high inflation.
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