In this week’s Bespoke Report, one of the many topics covered was market weightings and market caps. The bubble chart below shows representations of the size of the large-cap S&P 500, the mid-cap S&P 400, and the small-cap S&P 600. When we speak with a lot of investors, we often hear these asset classes discussed like they are interchangeable. The reality is that they are very different. The S&P 500 is 29 times the size of the S&P 600 small cap index. Therefore, while it has little impact for an individual investor, collectively speaking, any new money in (or out) of the market will have a much more significant impact on small caps than it will on large caps. Think of it like dropping an ice cube in a full glass of water versus a bathtub.
A second chart we wanted to highlight was sector weightings by market cap. While the Technology sector’s weighting is abnormally large in the S&P 500 large-cap index at over 25%, within the small and mid-cap indices, it is at a much more reasonable level of around 15%. In the small and mid-cap indices, the sector that has an abnormally large weighting is actually Industrials. Whereas the sector’s weight is under 10% in the S&P 500, it has a weighting of over 15% in the S&P 400 mid-cap index and a weight of over 18% in the S&P 600 small cap index.
With these weighting abnormalities in mind, when the Technology sector rallies, it has an exaggerated impact on large caps relative to small and mid caps, while an Industrials led rally has a more positive impact on mid and small caps.
As mentioned above, these charts are from our just-published weekly Bespoke Report newsletter, which provides an in-depth review of recent market action and events. To read this week’s Bespoke Report in its entirety, start a two-week free trial to any Bespoke membership level by clicking the button below.