You don’t need us to tell you how confusing this market and economy have been. On Friday, the March preliminary read on sentiment from the University of Michigan showed lower levels of optimism than at the depths of the COVID crash. Despite the pessimism, though, on Monday, the New York Fed’s monthly Survey of Consumer Expectations showed that wage growth expectations for the next year broke out to 3.04% which is the highest level in the history of the survey.
If consumers are expecting wages to grow at the fastest pace in at least a year, why are they so negative? Doesn’t seem to make sense, does it? The reason for the disconnect can be summed up in one word. Inflation. In that same monthly survey of consumer expectations from the NY Fed, inflation expectations for the next year came in at a record high of 6.0%.
You don’t need a calculator or a chart to figure out that earnings growth of 3% isn’t enough to offset the impact of 6% inflation, but we’ll show you anyway. Below, we show the spread between the monthly readings of year ahead wage growth expectations versus inflation expectations. From the start of the New York Fed’s consumer survey in 2013 right up to before COVID, the spread between the two oscillated in a band of -1.25 to +0.5 percentage points. Once the initial phases of the COVID lockdowns passed and the economy started to reopen, though, all hell broke loose. For the last year, inflation expectations have been rising much faster than earnings growth expectations, resulting in the widest gap in the history of the survey. American consumers have found it hard enough over the years to climb the income ladder in normal times, but with inflation surging over the last year, even moderate levels of wage growth haven’t been enough for consumers to no longer feel as though they’re running up the down escalator. Click here to try out Bespoke’s premium research service.