Following earnings in recent days, both Goldman Sachs (GS) and Citigroup (C) have seen their stocks rip higher, resulting in rarely seen price moves for the stocks. Goldman’s trading segment benefited from increased trading volumes in FX, rate, and commodity markets, helping to fuel a beat on the top and bottom line. C also reported a top and bottom line beat, and every segment saw revenue rise y/y. Click here to view an in-depth analysis of these two earnings reports. Click here to learn more about Bespoke’s premium stock market research service.
Since the close on July 14th (three trading days ago), GS has ripped 12.5% higher which is the largest three-day rally since May 2020. On its earnings reaction day (7/18), the stock gapped up over four percent but finished the day with a gain of 2.6%. Today, GS jumped an additional 5.5% higher. Notably, the stock has now broken its downtrend and its 50-day moving average, a bullish technical sign for the stock. However, the stock is still down close to 20% on the year, which is worse than the performance of the broader financial sector ETF (XLF).
Following three-day gains of over 12% for GS (for the first time in at least a month), the stock has underperformed its all-period performance on a median basis across each time period we looked at (one day, one week, one month, and three months). Positivity rates are lower as well, so it’s hard to view this occurrence as an overly optimistic signal. One data point to take note of is that the average absolute three-month change is significantly elevated at 20.5% (median: 21.6%). For all periods since its IPO, the average absolute three month price change has been 12.9% (median: 10.1%). If the historical pattern holds, this would suggest that the next three months for the stock will be more volatile than normal. Click here to learn more about Bespoke’s premium stock market research service.
Citi’s chart looks quite similar, and its rally has been even more impressive than the rally in GS as the stock also broke above both the 50-DMA and the downtrend that has been in place since early January. With a gain of 17%, the stock has seen its largest three-day rally since the days coming off the COVID lows in March 2020. Both stocks have also struggled to definitively break through the 50-DMA, so investors should watch these levels carefully over the next few trading sessions. For both stocks, the 50-DMA is still moving lower, but the performance over the last few trading sessions certainly helps the technical picture.
In terms of forward returns, C has had mixed performance following prior three-day gains of at least 17.0%. The table below shows all prior occurrences since the October 1998 merger between Travelers and Citigroup. Of the thirteen prior occurrences, C’s median next-day performance has been a loss of 1.8%, but the stock has booked a median gain of 2.3% over the following week. Over the next three months, C underperforms all periods on an average basis but significantly outperformed on a median basis, and positivity rates have been narrowly above that of all periods. Three months out, C has averaged an absolute move of 24.5% (median: 11.8%), which like GS, is much higher than the 13.2% (median: 9.1%) average absolute three-month change for all periods. Long story short, although the technical picture has improved for both GS and C, investors should continue to expect volatility ahead.