Welcome to Bespoke Brunch Reads — a linkfest of the favorite things we read over the past week. The links are mostly market related, but there are some other interesting subjects covered as well. We hope you enjoy the food for thought as a supplement to the research we provide you during the week.

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Investing

Just Like That, a Bad Year for Buybacks Becomes a Good One by Lu Wang (Bloomberg)

With the approval of capital return plans by the Fed this week, banks have boosted the annual buyback totals quite dramatically. [Link]

Ex-Bridgewater Quant Says Smart Beta ETFs Use Factors All Wrong by Dani Burger (Bloomberg)

It turns out that factor-based investing might work better as a way to find shorts. [Link]

Insurance Is the Hot New Way to Avoid Taxes by Sonali Basak and Tom Metcalf (Bloomberg)

Insurance products allow high net worth individuals to see capital compound within policies, untaxed, and disbursed to beneficiaries of the policyholder after they die. [Link]

Labor Markets

Want a $1 Million Paycheck? Skip College and Go Work in a Lumberyard by By Prashant Gopal and Matthew Townsend (Bloomberg)

The popular conception of high paying jobs: that they only come from a college degree and aren’t what you’d call blue collar. That’s not actually the case. [Link]

A Mystery Fed Candidate Won a Seat at the FOMC Table, Then Walked Away by Christopher Condon (Bloomberg)

Prior to the appointment of President Harker to his seat at the head of the Philadelphia Fed, another candidate was considered and even approved by the Board of Governors but turned down the spot. [Link]

Rural America

Rural Youth Chase Big-City Dreams by Dante Chinni (WSJ)

A fascinating accounting of population flows out of small towns and into areas hosting large colleges, then to cities…but not back to the rural counties where they grew up. [Link; paywall]

Social Science

Equity, efficiency and education spending in the United States by Nick Bunker (Washington Center for Equitable Growth)

A new study has shown no trade-offs between efficiency and equity in education spending, a remarkable finding that would be relatively unique in public policy. [Link]

Inequality

Counterintuitive problem: Everyone in a room keeps giving dollars to random others. You’ll never guess what happens next. (Decision Science News)

Random distribution of income does not lead to equality, but instead creates quite a bit of inequality, a counter-intuitive outcome. [Link]

People Differences vs. Place Differences: What Causes Social Mobility? by Robert VerBruggen (Institute for Family Studies)

One factor that can mitigate inequality is high social mobility: if there’s lots of inequality, it’s less damaging if people move up and down across the income spectrum. But social mobility is deeply tied to a number of factors, explored in this piece. [Link]

Seattle Minimum Wage

A ‘very credible’ new study on Seattle’s $15 minimum wage has bad news for liberals by Max Ehrenfreund (WSJ)

Seattle introduced a very large minimum wage hike a few years ago and we’re starting to get data on what it means. The first reaction was that the study showed very large effects (negative ones) on employment and hours. [Link; soft paywall]

The “high road” Seattle labor market and the effects of the minimum wage increase by Ben Zipperer and John Schmitt (Economic Policy Institute)

A contrary argument on reading too far into the findings of the Seattle minimum wage study. The piece lays out some good reasons to be skeptical about the findings. [Link]

The City Knew the Bad Minimum Wage Report Was Coming Out, So It Called Up Berkeley by Daniel Person (Seattle Weekly)

A sideshow to the academic debate about the Seattle study was what appeared to be manipulation by the Seattle Mayor’s office. It’s a bit complicated, but it’s worth reading as an example of how not to conduct oneself as an academic researcher. [Link]

Science Terrifying And Hilarious

Scientists can’t rule out collision with asteroid flying by Earth in 2029 by Mike Wehner (BGR)

99942 Apophis is bound for Earth, and while a collision isn’t forecast, at an estimated approach of less than 20,000 miles the 1200 foot diameter rock with an estimated yield on collision of more than 750 megatons would be a really bad day for the planet if it did end up hitting. [Link]

That Time the TSA Found a Scientist’s 3-D-Printed Mouse Penis by Ed Yong (The Atlantic)

A compilation of the hysterical travails of scientists trying to get through security with their panoply of paraphernalia. [Link]

This Week In The Valley

More Than 50% of Shoppers Turn First to Amazon in Product Search by Spencer Soper (Bloomberg)

Amazon is the first destination for more than half of consumers, a massive advantage for the e-commerce giant. [Link]

Waymo, Apple Deals Bolster Rental Firms for Ride-Sharing Age by David Welch and Alex Webb (Bloomberg)

Car rental giants Avis and Hertz have signed deals to manage (service and repair) the hardware that Apple and Alphabet Inc are using to help deploy autonomous vehicles. [Link; auto-playing video]

Not A Good Look

NYSE President Calls Short Sellers ‘Icky’ by Annie Massa (Bloomberg)

In a move jeered at by short-sellers across The Street, a New York Stock Exchange executive called short-selling un-American this week. [Link]

Phil’s Insider-Trading Escape by Jeffrey Toobin (Golfworld)

A long read on how Phil Mickelson managed to avoid insider trading charges. [Link]

Potpourri

Why my guitar gently weeps by Geoff Edgers (WaPo)

As young people explore other forms of music, and the venerable guitar hero fades into the past, there’s less interest in playing and owning high-end guitars. [Link; soft paywall]

Old Glories: A Salute to Antique U.S. Flags, and Where to Find One by Steve Garbarino (WSJ)

An oral history of antique flags, which can be both unique and expensive. [Link; paywall]

If Buddhist Monks Trained AI by Alexis C. Madrigal (The Atlantic)

How do Buddhist monks respond to the classic “Trolley” problem, a key philosophical and moral issue for designers of code that will run autonomous vehicles. [Link]

Have a great Sunday!

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